– In the second, they were asked to speak freely about a positive experience.
– And finally, in the third part, they had to talk about a negative experience.
The three recordings were made with an application called Vocalis Health and analyzed with an artificial intelligence algorithm. The AI scores the voice of each patient with a system from -1 to +1, depending on whether they have a high or low number of biomarkers related to heart disease. After that, each patient was followed up for two years.
The results of the voice recordings
During the two years of the study, 58.3% patients were classified by artificial intelligence with a high number of biomarkers in their voice recordings, and had to go to hospital for chest pain or acute coronary syndrome.
For those classified with few biomarkers, the rate was much lower, at 30.6%. Also, those with high scores were more likely to develop coronary heart disease when the angiography was done later.
The term refers to a group of conditions that include angina attacks, unstable angina attacks, acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death.
Finally, there is a clear correlation between seemingly indistinguishable parameters in voice recordings and heart health. The researchers don’t know what could be causing this. However, they suggest that it may be related to the autonomic nervous system.
And it is that, the branch of the nervous system is in charge of regulating the unconscious functions of the human body, such as the heart rate. It also controls some functions of the larynx in relation to the voice, so there may be a relationship. If one part is not working properly, the other part may also be affected.
It should be noted that this study was conducted primarily in two countries. The AI has been trained in Israel and tested in United States, with voice recordings in English. So it is not yet clear if it will work with other languages or other platforms.
This will be one of the next steps for scientists, who realize that they still have a long way to go to bring their artificial intelligence algorithms to clinics. However, they have made it clear that the technology can do amazing things in the service of medicine. It has been seen many times, but it never ceases to amaze.